Download Utopianism and Marxism (Ralahine Utopian Studies) by Vincent Geoghegan PDF

By Vincent Geoghegan

First released in 1987, Vincent Geoghegan's work sees utopiansim as either worthy and frequent, issuing forth in a bunch of kinds, from the classical utopia and political ideology to type and structure. In an unique and outstanding argument he indicates that Marxism has been not able to do with no utopian size, yet for varied purposes - and with baleful effects - it has usually resisted acknowledging this truth. transparent and sleek standard, the ebook offers a jargon-free account of the evolution if sleek Marxism.

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One famous theory held that gayness was the result of “urning”—the female mind was trapped in a male body (or vice versa). 41 Ulrichs 40 SEXUALITY AND SOCIALISM was the first openly “inverted” man to speak favorably of homosexuality in public forums beginning in the 1860s. ” Modern bourgeois ideology assumes that we need not trace the genealogy of heterosexuality because it must be a timeless concept and practice. But just as homosexuality was invented, so too was heterosexuality. The first recorded instance of the word “heterosexual” dates back to medical journals of the early 1890s.

52 Kinsey’s studies gave public expression to the reality of a growing gay minority in the United States. This was to have a profound impact on gays’ ability to mobilize for their rights. In the immediate postwar period gays in the United States went from complete isolation to developing an awareness of themselves as an oppressed class of people. S. society after the war, it is important not to take Kinsey’s figures as permanent and suprahistorical. Instead, what Kinsey’s studies and others since suggest is that LGBT people are not a fixed proportion of any society, but instead their ability to come out or for anyone to explore alternative sexual possibilities are largely shaped by fluctuating social and economic conditions.

Despite the official hostility to homosexuality in the military, very few gays were actually rejected. 43 The most famous example of how central many gays and lesbians were to the war effort and the impact that had on forcing an unofficial wartime suspension of the witch hunt is recounted by historian Randy Shilts. General Dwight Eisenhower, acting on a rumor, ordered a member of his staf f, WAC sergeant Johnnie Phelps, to draw up a list of all lesbians serving in the WAC battalion for him to dismiss from service.

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