Download Leonhard Euler by Emil A. Fellmann, E. Gautschi, Walter Gautschi PDF

By Emil A. Fellmann, E. Gautschi, Walter Gautschi

This publication is a superb presentation of the tale of Euler's existence. It comprises a few bits of humor (like seeing the streets in Basel named respectively Leonhardstrasse and Eulerstrasse as together honoring the guy even if neither highway is absolutely named for the nice mathematician). in contrast to "Euler the grasp people All," the ebook is geared up round the chronology of his existence instead of the thoughts he studied, and it comprises new information of his lifestyles. It additionally has a few marvelous illustrations.

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It was with a scientific communication (on a question of hydraulics) that Euler on August 5, 1727, addressed the Petersburg Academy for the first time. The hydro-mechanical and -dynamical studies, though, which occupied him there already in the first years, he put on the back burner in deference to his friend Daniel Bernoulli, who still in Petersburg drafted a first version of his Hydrodynamics73 , which was to become a classic. When Jakob Hermann in 1730 returned to Basel, Daniel Bernoulli took over the latter’s professorship for mathematics, and Euler in 1731 was given the physics professorship, which had become vacant after Bülfinger’s departure.

Almost all members of the academy –– most of all the older ones –– opposed the arbitrariness of this politically savvy opportunist, who, directly or indirectly, caused the departure of several of the most important academicians such as Daniel Bernoulli, Hermann, and Bülfinger. The one who probably had to suffer most under the petty despot Schumacher was the great Mikhail Lomonosov, as is so painfully documented in his correspondence with Euler52 . 54 After Christian Wolff as well as Johann Bernoulli had declined to accept the call and had themselves confirmed only as foreign (honorary) mem- 32 The first scholars at the Academy of Petersburg bers of the academy, the latter –– upon the suggestion of Wolff –– sent 1725 his two (unmarried) sons Niklaus II and Daniel to Petersburg, and the Bernoulli clan managed to get both brothers appointed as professors.

While Bernoulli admitted in his writing that this actually underestimated Euler’s merits, he had succeeded in negotiating with Blumentrost considerably better conditions –– and indeed, Euler could start his position in June of 1727 with a yearly salary of 300 Rbl. including free housing, wood, and light 44 , and in addition could still collect 100 Rbl. in Hamburg for travel expenses. He should, so Daniel Bernoulli, set out quickly, but should he hesitate because of the cold weather, he should spend the winter in Basel and use the time for studies in anatomy and phsysiology .

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