By Malcolm Waters
Malcolm Waters provides a transparent advent to Bell's arguments and a serious appreciation of the strengths and weaknesses of his paintings. He attracts normally at the 3 books that experience made Bell well-known, the tip of Ideology, the arrival of Postindustrial Society and The Cultural Contradictions of Capitalism, yet Waters additionally covers lesser-known works on schooling and social forecasting. Daniel Bell is a completely complete account of the paintings of a key, albeit hugely arguable, modern sociological determine.
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Extra info for Daniel Bell (Key Sociologists)
Although societies may converge on industrialism or postindustrialism this does not mean that historically they become alike in all respects. Modern Western society is a unique configuration that requires historical elaboration. For Bell, the origins of industrial capitalism can be located in aspects of character structure identified by Weber and Sombart. Weber emphasizes Protestant asceticism, the thrifty abstemiousness that leads to the prudential bourgeois emphasis on methodical calculation.
3] The decline of bourgeois values is bound up with what Bell calls ‘the great profanation’ in which modernity’s stress on the moral authority of the self undermined the moral and existential certainties that had been provided by the great religions. Sacred religion was displaced by ‘political religion’ of which, for Bell, Marxism is the primary example, but within which we might include liberalism and socialism. However, the utopias they offered never came into view. Political religion joins the aesthetic of modernity as movements that successfully displace religion from culture but that cannot successfully satisfy the need that religion provides for.
However, in so doing, he omits a whole realm of social life that is focused on domesticity and community, and that both Schütz and Habermas call the lifeworld. Indeed, this theoretical lacuna may be the source of an endemic gender-blindness in the theoretical paradigm. ’ We do not need to address the axial patterns of culture because they are specified tautologically. However, there is some confusion about the axes of the TES and the polity. In what has become something of a sociological orthodoxy, Weber specifies that instrumental rationality is a widely The Three Realms 47 pervasive aspect of modern society and that its structural expression, bureaucratic organization, originates in the state and spreads into other organizations.