By Masaki Yuki, Marilynn Brewer
Humans are tailored for team dwelling. teams have quite a lot of adaptive services for people, together with either fabric advantages of mutual relief and collective motion, and subjective mental merits of association and social identification. fresh improvement of cultural psychology, besides the fact that, has exposed that tradition performs an important roles in crew methods: styles of staff habit and underlying mental methods are formed inside particular cultural contexts, and cultures emerge in group-based interactions. Culture and workforce Processes, the inaugural quantity of the Frontiers of tradition and Psychology series, is the 1st edited booklet in this speedily rising study subject. The 11 chapters incorporated during this quantity, all authored by means of unique scientists within the box, exhibit the position of tradition in staff perceptions, social identification, staff dynamics, identification negotiation, teamwork, intergroup family members, and intergroup verbal exchange, in addition to the joint influence of cultural and team strategies in interpersonal belief and creativity.
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Additional info for Culture and Group Processes
Black and White Americans’ explanations for individual differences. Review of General Psychology, 13, 24–33. , Sheldon, J. , Brown, T. , Pfeffer, C. , & Pett, E. M. (2006). White Americans’ genetic lay theories of race differences and sexual orientation: Their relationship with prejudice toward blacks, and gay men and lesbians. Group Processes and Intergroup Relations, 9, 77–94. , Chiu, C. , Hong, Y. , . . Yzerbyt, V. (2005). Culture, essentialism, and agency: Are individuals universally believed to be more real entities than groups?
The early developmentalists investigated age differences in essentialist thinking with little thought for cultural considerations. Similarly, most of the early anthropological work delved intensively into essentialist thinking within a particular culture in familiar ethnographic style. It is only recently that researchers have begun to conduct systematic cross-cultural comparisons of essentialism thinking and perceived entitativity, and to turn their attention to the implications of these phenomena for cultural phenomena beyond the immediate particularities of the study context.
In this respect, the global expansion of social psychology, and the field’s serious reckoning with the importance of culture, have both been tremendous blessings for this body of research. In this section of the chapter we review a diverse body of research on the cultural dimensions of essentialism and entitativity. Our emphasis on the former mirrors the greater quantity of relevant research. The studies that we review were primarily conducted by social psychologists, but we also make reference to work carried out by developmental psychologists when they address beliefs about human categories and attributes, and by anthropologists when their work has a psychological flavor.