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By C. Howard

Howard brings jointly most sensible contributorsin avolume that gives a survey of recent study and theoretical paintings concerning individualization. themes lined comprise gender, social coverage reform, and financial system.

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Deschooling Society

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--wikipedia

About the Author

Ivan Illich (4 September 1926 – Bremen, 2 December 2002) used to be an Austrian thinker, Roman Catholic priest, and "maverick social critic" of the associations of latest western tradition and their results at the provenance and perform of schooling, drugs, paintings, strength use, transportation, and monetary improvement.

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Extra info for Contested Individualization: Debates about Contemporary Personhood

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In sociological usage, these terms are not normally intended to refer to specific dates; rather, they are meant to encapsulate broad historical transformations in the character of Western (and to some extent nonWestern) societies. Bauman, Beck, and Giddens follow this custom (Elliott 2002). Within the sociological literature, “modernity” or the modern era is typically said to have begun in the eighteenth century, during The Enlightenment (Pedersen 2000, 414). The modern period is associated with the demise of traditional and communal bonds and the emergence of mass societies, along with the rise of industrial capitalism and the functional division of labor, an increasing prevalence of instrumental rationality, and a growing emphasis on democracy, human equality, and self-determination Three Models of Individualized Biography 27 (Beck and Beck-Gernsheim 2002; Giddens 1991).

How- Three Models of Individualized Biography 37 ever, in the consumer society of liquid modernity, these producer-oriented values are increasingly irrelevant and counterproductive. Instead of building their biographies, individuals now purchase ready-made components of self-identity, choosing from a range of options. Not surprisingly, industries have sprung up to commodify and profit from the distribution of biographical components; chat shows on commercial television networks, such as Oprah, which supply viewers with examples of biographies, are an excellent example (Bauman 2000).

Globalization penalizes inflexibility and compels individuals to adapt to the transformations wrought by economic restructuring. In this 36 Contested Individualization context, all arrangements and relationships become fluid, impermanent, and unpredictable, such that, even at the level of intimate and personal associations, continuity cannot be taken for granted, and commitments are only sustained “until further notice” (Bauman 2003, 10). The changing nature of personal life, and the new demands of governance and political economy, favor those who can move quickly and are able rapidly to adapt to changes and exploit emerging opportunities, unencumbered by long-term commitments to persons and places.

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