Download Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves by Paul Rea PDF

By Paul Rea

Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves combines anatomical wisdom, pathology, medical exam, and clarification of scientific findings, drawing jointly fabric generally scattered all through anatomical textbooks. the entire pertinent anatomical themes are with ease prepared to tutor on anatomy, but additionally on tips on how to research the functioning of this anatomy within the sufferer. supplying a transparent and succinct presentation of the underlying anatomy, with at once similar functions of the anatomy to medical exam, the publication additionally presents precise photographs of anatomical constructions of plastinated cadaveric dissections. those pictures are the single ones that exist during this shape, and feature been professionally produced within the Laboratory of Human Anatomy, college of Glasgow less than the auspices of the author.  those specimens provide a unique manner of visualizing the cranial nerves and similar vital anatomical structures.

  • Anatomy of cranial nerves defined in textual content layout with accompanying high-resolution pictures undefined, top quality prosected cadaveric fabric, demonstrating precisely what the buildings (and similar ones) glance like
  • Succinct but complete layout with speedy and simple entry to evidence in truly laid out key areas, universal through the varied cranial nerves
  • Includes scientific exam and comparable pathologies, that includes diagnostic summaries of capability medical displays and clinically proper questions about the anatomy of those nerves

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Extra resources for Clinical Anatomy of the Cranial Nerves

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Here, only a selection of some of the most important and/or serious conditions that affect this nerve are presented. •••Tip! If a patient has a sudden loss of vision, specialist advice should be sought immediately. Refractive Errors Myopia—Short Sighted Myopia is where the eyeball itself is too long in an antero-posterior direction. This means that the light is not focussed on the retina but rather falls in front of the retina. In the normal eye, when an object comes closer to the eye, the further back the image falls.

Visual acuity Visual fields Pupil size (reflexes) Color assessment Ophthalmoscopy Visual Acuity This is a measure of central vision and tests the ability of the patient to identify shapes and objects. Each eye MUST be tested separately. If a patient normally wears glasses or has contact lenses, perform the examination with these, and then without to ensure the patient’s visual defect has been examined to identify any changes or worsening of their original condition. A pocket visual acuity chart can be used for a general assessment, or a Snellen’s Test Type chart can be used for more formal testing.

Tip! The examiner should wiggle their index and middle finger to allow the patient to detect movement of those digits when bringing their hand and outstretched hand in from the periphery at each of the 45 out of the 360 circle. •••Tip! When examining the nasal side of the visual fields, change hand covering the examiner’s eye, that is, if examining the patient’s nasal side of their left eye, the examiner should switch to their right hand covering their left eye. That way, it ensures that the examiner’s hand does not cross the visual fields yielding a false-positive result.

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