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By Adam E. Golan

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1989; Mountford and Orpin, 1994]. , 1997]. , 2002; Ljungdahl, 2008]. The cellulose/hemicellulose degrading system of Piromyces equi, so called because this Fungus was isolated from the caecum of a pony [Orpin, 1981], consists of a large multienzyme complex, which accounts for up to 90% of the cellulase, mannanase and xylanase activities produced by the Fungus. Eberhardt et al. [2000] described the elucidation of the primary structures and enzyme features of two endoglucanases from P. equi, Cel5A and Cel45A.

2003]. A cellulase complex capable of degrading both soluble and insoluble cellulose has been found in the culture filtrate of the thermophillic fungus Talaromyces emersonii. When grown on media containing cellulose, this microorganism produces a complete extracellular cellulase system containing seven endocellulases, four exocellulases and three β-glucosidases [McHale and Coughlan, 1980; McHale and Coughlan, 1981]. Moloney et al. [1985] isolated and characterized the endoglucanases EGI-EGIV. Successively, McCarthy et al.

2002]. 0 kDa and in agreement with that deduced from the ORF encoding a putative protein of 537 amino acids. 5, respectively, and it was active against CMC, lichenan and also oat spelt xylan and cellooligosaccharides, suggesting a role as a cytoplasmic enzyme for the degradation of shortchain sugars imported from the medium. 0 and 80°C, respectively [Eckert and Schneider, 2003]. Table 8. , 1998 The enzyme was extremely stable at acidic pH and temperatures up to 80°C, and was provided with activity toward CMC and oat spelt xylan.

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