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By J. Crossland

James Crossland's paintings strains the historical past of the foreign Committee of the pink move' fight to deliver humanitarianism to the second one global warfare, through concentrating on its tumultuous courting with one of many conflict's key belligerents and masters of the blockade of the 3rd Reich, nice Britain.

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Additional info for Britain and the International Committee of the Red Cross, 1939–1945

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3 Using Moynier’s contacts in that organization and the wider world of Swiss philanthropy, he and Dunant built up support for their cause, and before long they were joined by three others who had read Solferino with interest and were determined to act upon it. These were the French-born Swiss doctor Louis Appia, his colleague Théodore Maunoir and a retired General of the Britain and the Red Cross 17 Swiss Army, Guillaume-Henri Dufor who, together with Dunant and Moynier, formed the International Committee for Relief to the Wounded in February 1863.

During the ‘golden age’ of codification in the late nineteenth century, the main challenge to the ICRC’s role as guardian and chief architect of IHL came from St Petersburg where, in 1868, the very year Moynier tried to get the Geneva Convention revised, Tsar Alexander II called for his own international conference. On the agenda would be new regulations for the use of exploding (dumdum) bullets, the conduct of maritime warfare, and the protection of partisans and POWs. The source of these humanitarian proposals – a nation that, unlike Switzerland, was much involved in the power politics of Europe and, indeed, was pursuing a policy of expansion to the detriment of British interests in eastern Europe and Central Asia at this time – led to a cool response not only in Britain but also throughout the Continent.

To MacPherson’s mind, the Committee performed no real function beyond holding conferences and maintaining the ‘high ideal’ of the Red Cross movement. Moreover, although MacPherson acknowledged the ICRC’s centrality to the process of IHL codification, he still felt that its leadership had no ‘special qualifications’ to engage in ‘international questions of the laws and customs of war’. The slapdash fashion in which the ICRC had ensured Boer ratification of the Geneva Convention – without notifying Whitehall or following the established procedure for new adherents – was but one example of the worryingly undisciplined attitude the Committee could take when it came to pursuing such aims.

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