By Karl Pieragostini
Using basic resource info, together with interviews with the major decision-makers, this can be an exam of the method resulting in the British choice in 1966 to desert its 127 12 months outdated army presence in Aden and thereby commence its retreat from East of Suez.
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Extra resources for Britain, Aden and South Arabia: Abandoning Empire
The basic military lesson drawn was that air power was no substitute for troops on the ground in maintaining stability in under-developed countries. In the two years after the Oman operation, Royal Air Force and Army commanders in the Arabian Peninsula re-evaluated their tactics and developed a modified air control method that relied on ground troops to seek out and concentrate the enemy, with air power then brought to bear. 15 Aden subsequently saw an increase in ground forces. The integrated Middle East Command at Aden was established at the beginning of April 1958, and in April 1959 the importance of the new command was underlined when Britain upgraded it from an Air Vice-Marshal to a full Air Marshal, or its equivalent.
The Treasury vetoed the Army's plan. At this point the Government came close to deciding that all but Aden's immediate hinterland should be abandoned to the Imam, but the Air Ministry came forward with another plan, more attractive to the Treasury. If Aden were made an air command, the Air Ministry guaranteed to undertake both its landward and part of its seaward defence with a squadron of twelve bombers, an armoured car section, and a body of locally enlisted forces - the defence system that had proved so successful in Iraq and other parts of the Middle East- and they estimated the cost would be about £100,000 less than that of the existing military establishment.
Johnston described him as a "recent arrival on the political scene" who had assumed a leading position among Bayyumi's colleagues. " 29 The new Chief Minister was soon dealing with a new High Commissioner. 63) 43 the colony and then as High Commissioner. He departed Aden in July and was formally succeeded by Sir Kennedy Trevaskis in August. The offer of the High Commissionership came as a surprise to Trevaskis, as it was unusual for such a post to go to someone already serving in the territory.