Download Biological Control of Vertebrate Pests: by F Fenner B Fantini PDF

By F Fenner B Fantini

The publication describes the normal historical past of myxoma virus in American rabbits and the heritage of its creation into eu rabbits at size. The adjustments in rabbit and virus during the last 40 years give you the classical instance of coevolution of an endemic and its vertebrate host and a paradigmatic version for the knowledge of an rising infectious illness. Rabbit haemorrhagic ailment virus has been spreading in Australia for under 3 years, yet in a few components has been very potent. Written via major global specialists in animal virology and the background of drugs.

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Movement westwards across the very arid country of northern South Australia was slower, but they had entered Western Australia near Eucla by 1894, and reached the good agricultural lands in the south-west corner by 1910. Their current distribution in Australia is illustrated in Fig. 7b. The extent of the infestation and the damage to crops and pasture done by the rabbits can be gauged by the number of books dealing specifically with the rabbit pest that were published in the late 19th Fig. 6. Rabbits in Australia before they were recognized as a pest.

An infectious disease was thus seen as the result of competition between different forms of life, the expression within the body of the host of a foreign life, an ‘alienum’ in the classic sense. This led to the idea of using one form of life against another, in order to control its manifestations, in particular its reproduction. The Concept of the Biological Control of Pests The first explicit suggestion to use an infectious disease for the control of a pest can be traced to Pasteur (1880a). After commenting on the difficulty of controlling phylloxera infestation of vines by the pesticides then available, he went on to say: When life has a power equal to that manifest in the reproduction of Phylloxera, it is chiefly by life and by the power of superior reproduction that one can hope to triumph.

The first Rabbit Nuisance Act was passed in 1871 but few Rabbit Boards were set up, partly because of the extent of commercial farming of wild rabbits. Initially, when the sale of skins gave some cash return, poisoning was the most popular control method and strychnine the most popular poison. However, by the middle 1940s the rabbit problem was as bad as it ever had been; rabbits were out of control in many areas, extensively ‘farmed’ for their skins in some, but held in check in a few areas. Over 95% of the export trade in rabbit products was in rabbit skins (Wodzicki, 1950), and in the 1940s it grew to be quite substantial, but dropped to almost zero after the introduction of decommercialization.

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