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By Geoffrey Swain

Protecting the horrors that came about in Latvia from the start of the second one international conflict till 1947, this booklet specializes in the guts of the 20 th century: Stalinist industrialization, collectivization and political annihilation; Nazi expansionism and genocide; with neighborhood nationalism, neighborhood nationalist rivalries, and native anti-Semitism. the writer strains the advancements in a single specific sector of Latvia, Daugavpils. There, the predicament of Hitler or Stalin, the ideological fight of fascism or communism was once extra acute than at any place else in Europe because the inhabitants used to be actively concerned about constructing either.

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Additional info for Between Stalin and Hitler: Class War and Race War on the Dvina, 1940-46

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52 Thunderous editorials about the wrongdoing of speculators53 could not hide the fact that social and economic change at this pace risked chaos. In retrospect, Yukhno conceded that the party had simply been unable to keep on top of the changes demanded of it. 54 At the end of September trading concerns were made the target of the next big wave of nationalisations, although rumours had been circulating for some time, which had prompted traders to try and hide or sell off their goods. The decree of 28 September nationalised 74 trading establishments in Daugavpils district and sixty in the city itself.

Latvia was expected to make an immediate economic contribution to the Soviet economy. The leader of the Daugavpils during the terrible year 33 Latvian Communist Party, J‰nis KalnbürziÙš, returned from the XVIII Conference of the Soviet Communist Party in February 1941 with clear guidelines. Soviet Latvia should start making a positive contribution to the Soviet economy in terms of tax returns and expanded production. The first sign of this change was a circular issued towards the end of February by the Central Committee in Riga which made clear to Daugavpils and all city and district committees that Moscow deemed Latvia to be behind with all its contributions to the USSR State Bank.

33 In the surrounding countryside there were similar clashes. In the village of Viš¿i J‰nis Skromanis, a railway worker and one of the few Latvians in the underground communist party, joined other communist activists in a clash with local aizsargs on 17 June. At first they disarmed them, but on the 18th aizsarg reinforcements were sent out from Daugavpils; they first broke up a peasant meeting being organised in Bi¿ernieki and then moved on to arrest Skromanis and the other Viš¿i communists, transferring them to Daugavpils prison.

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