By Salman Akhtar
Betrayal underlies all psychic trauma, no matter if sexual abuse or profound overlook, violence or treachery, extramarital affair or embezzlement. once we betray others, we violate their self assurance in us. while others betray us, they pierce the veil of our blameless reliance. Betraying and feeling betrayed are ubiquitous to the situations of trauma and but unusually ignored as a subject of particular cognizance by way of psychoanalysis.
This publication fills this hole. Its first half bargains with developmental facets and notes that whereas the adventure of betrayal may be ubiquitous in adolescence, its loss of reputation through the oldsters is what ends up in fixation upon it. the second one a part of the booklet bargains with literature and elucidates the myriad ways that the subject of betrayal seems to be in Shakespeare’s writings and in Oscar Wilde’s poem The Ballad of interpreting Gaol. Its ultimate half relates to medical issues and has chapters at the compulsion to betray others and the subconscious must be betrayed, the betrayal of a sacred belief within the type of early life sexual abuse, extra-marital affairs, and the betrayal of sufferers via their analysts within the type of boundary violations.
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Additional info for Betrayal: Developmental, Literary and Clinical Realms
Mother agreed to see Ellie in “therapy sessions” every day for as long as she needed. I saw the mother once a week to “supervise” the treatment. After just a month, Ellie’s relationship with her parents was substantially improved. Clearly Ellie was too young to have declarative memory (Clyman, 1991) of the traumatic experience of her mother’s complicity with the medical staff in the terrifying x-ray procedure. However, her subsequent insecure attachment behaviours indicate that mother as an untrustworthy, hurtful figure was encoded in implicit memory.
He thought his mother’s behaviour was understandable and that she was only doing what was expected in handing him over to the medical staff. When I empathised with the terror of the little boy and his desperate need for his mother, he shrugged and said it would be disloyal to his dead mother to feel angry with her now. She was not here to defend herself. He resisted any further exploration and said he didn’t want to get into anything he couldn’t handle before my summer vacation. After the break, he missed his first appointment and then called to say he was doing well and needed no further therapy.
It seemed he could not access the more needy and hurting parts of himself. B E T R AYA L I N C H I L D H O O D Mr. B. frequently confided in male friends about how poorly his wife treated him. ” Careful exploration of the explosive relationships with both wife and son revealed that Mr. B. was an active participant. On a daily basis, he failed to show up when or where he had promised his wife. He attributed this to being “absent minded”. Furthermore, he regularly “forgot” to do something she had requested.