Download American Militias: State-Level Variations in Militia by Joshua D. Freilich PDF

By Joshua D. Freilich

Freilich makes an attempt to figure out why a few states have greater degrees of armed forces task than others. targeting the years 1994-1995, he unearths that cultural factors—not monetary conditions--are with regards to degrees of armed forces similar job. particularly, states with decrease degrees of lady empowerment and better degrees of paramilitary tradition have been prone to have extra defense force teams. Conversely, neither fiscal dislocation/social disorganization nor financial prosperity/social integration have been with regards to the variety of armed forces teams at the kingdom point. those findings recommend that courses looking to preempt armed forces formation through delivering monetary help will now not prevail. as a substitute, such courses needs to confront cultural concerns in addition.

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Both types of areas are less likely to produce a cohesive community and more likely to suffer from social stress in that: “[These right-wing groups] may have attracted those enduring the strains of migration. Or, conversely, the relationship may reflect the fact that the most rapidly growing areas suffered from the greatest social tensions flowing from the difficulties of absorbing large numbers of newcomers” (Lipset and Raab 1970: 89) and “the rootless individual, everywhere, is receptive to the appeal of groups with a high sense of social solidarity” (Lipset and Raab 1970: 122; see also Kraft 1992; but see Dyer 1997).

One prominent example of frustration aggression is the relative deprivation model which states that peoples’ attitudes and grievances largely depend on the frame of reference employed; the group to which one compares one’s self. Relative deprivation results when “A” has something that “B” wants and believes that he deserves. If this discrepancy cannot be adequately and rationally explained to “B”, frustration will result. This frustration may be then directed outward rather than inward, thereby possibly resulting in aggression and social movement participation (see Bennett 1995; Graham 1989; Gurney and Tierney 1982; Gurr 1970; Hixson, Jr.

Resource Mobilization Theory: Yet another social movement theory, the conflict based resource mobilization approach, has currently replaced the consensus based collective behavior school as the reigning paradigm in the social movement field. All conflict theories assume that there is an unequal distribution of resources in society. It is argued that the social structure and its institutions protect and advance the interests of the rich. In particular, resource mobilization theory claims that society is structured in such a way that established groups, which are inside the polity structure, have routine and low cost access to societal resources.

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