By J Lee Thompson
While Alfred Milner (1854-1925) was once knighted, he took as his motto Communis Patria, 'patriotism for our universal country'. via this he intended the broader patriotism of the British Empire, the furthering of which he made his life's paintings. this can be the 1st research of Milner to take his politics, or 'constructive' imperialism as its fundamental subject. His occupation is tested as a complete, from the genesis of his imperial ideology at Oxford, via his time as excessive Commissioner in South Africa throughout the Boer battle, to his days as Minister of warfare through the ultimate seven months of the 1st global struggle. Famously, Milner propagated his principles via his 'kindergarten', a bunch of like-minded younger male acolytes. during this attention-grabbing booklet, J Lee Thompson additionally discovers a gaggle of younger woman supporters of his imaginative and prescient. This publication relies on vast fundamental examine in records within the united kingdom, North the USA and South Africa.
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Additional info for A Wider Patriotism: Alfred Milner and the British Empire
As a representative of the Chamber of Mines (recognized by the South African Republic as the voice of the mining industry), Fitzpatrick played a major role in the various negotiations between the industry and the Transvaal, keeping Milner informed at each step along the way. After Kruger’s re-election in February 1898, Fitzpatrick reported to the ‘gold bug’ Alfred Beit that Milner agreed that the best course would be to continue ‘adding items and accumulating evidence’ for all the Uitlander grievances because no one could ‘foresee what little incident may provide the occasion for presenting the bill’ to the Transvaal Government.
48 He did not fear that the ‘savages of the Sudan’ would have the engineering skill to ‘play tricks’ with the Nile, but that some day a ‘civilized power’ might be in a position to do so. 49 To accomplish this, Milner proposed a patient step-by-step approach, beginning with an expedition to Dongola. To those ‘Superior Persons’ who called for the Egyptians to be given democratic government, Milner responded that he attached more importance in the immediate future to the ‘improvement of the character and intelligence of the official class’, which would take time.
45 Milner was careful to point out that he was not criticizing British policy. The line adopted, he said, of ‘minimizing what we were doing, of avoiding radical solutions and of living from hand to mouth may have certain ultimate advantages’. 46 Nevertheless, England had restored, in Milner’s view, order, stability and promise for the future in Egypt out of a chaotic jumble of ‘international fetters’. 47 England in Egypt also called for the overthrow of the ‘bloody despotism’ of the Khalifa, the Mahdi’s successor in the Sudan.