By Blendi Kajsiu
Why did Albania take pleasure in one of the most profitable anti-corruption courses and associations in addition to what turning out to be degrees of corruption throughout the interval 1998-2005? corruption via a post-structuralist discourse research standpoint this booklet argues that the dominant corruption discourse in Albania served basically to institute the neoliberal order instead of do away with corruption. It did so in 4 interrelated methods. First, blaming each Albanian failure on corruption shunned a severe engagement with the present neoliberal developmental version. moment, the dominant articulation of corruption as abuse of public workplace for personal achieve consigned it to the general public area, reworking neoliberal regulations of privatisation and increasing markets into anticorruption measures. 3rd, foreign anticorruption campaigns reproduced an uneven courting of dependency among Albania and the overseas associations that monitored it by means of articulating corruption as inner to the Albanian situation. ultimately, opposed to corruption foreign and native actors may perhaps articulate a neoliberal order that used to be freed from inner contradictions and completely suitable with democratization. As an extraordinary instance of post-structuralist discourse research of corruption this ebook might be helpful for destiny study on discourses of corruption in different nations of the area and past.
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Additional info for A Discourse Analysis of Corruption: Instituting Neoliberalism Against Corruption in Albania 1998-2005
From a principal–agent perspective this means that the state, which is the agent of the people (or the majority), has betrayed the interests of its principal to those of a third party, such as a private firm or other narrow interest groups. There is thus a clash of interests between the interests of the majority and the interests of narrow groups such as private firms or other groups. 82) argued: ‘The study of corruption and of political contributions generally leads one to stress the conflict between majority rule and the narrower concerns of interest groups, bureaucrats, and legislators who operate within the democratic framework’.
This is why the experience of modern countries such as Britain in the nineteenth century was offered as a model of reforms that should be adopted by the Third World countries. This condemnation of corruption was criticized by a number of political scientists because it ignored the social and historical context within which corruption took place. 127). Hence, the approach 14 A Discourse Analysis of Corruption was seen as moral rather than scientific. Such criticism came from a number of political scientists that, following the behavioural revolution in political science, sought to place the study of politics on scientific grounds free from moral and ideological biases.
The fact that corruption had erupted in the modernized West meant that it could no longer be considered as a transitory phenomenon that facilitated modernization and disappeared with it. In other words, the modernization paradigm was not very useful in analysing corruption in developed societies. The new approach that dominated the study of corruption from the late 1970s and throughout the ’80s and ’90s was economic. Corruption was analysed from a public choice perspective that applied economic tools of analysis to the study of social phenomena.