Download A History of Portugese Overseas Expansion 1400-1668 by Malyn Newitt PDF

By Malyn Newitt

A heritage of Portuguese in a foreign country enlargement 1400-1668 presents an obtainable survey of the way the Portuguese grew to become so influential in this interval and the way Portuguese settlements have been based in parts as faraway as Asia, Africa and South the USA. Malyn Newitt examines how the information and associations of a overdue medieval society have been deployed to assist growth into Africa and the Atlantic islands, in addition to how, via contention with Castile, this grew right into a all over the world enterprise. eventually, he considers how resilient the Portuguese abroad groups have been, surviving wars and traditional failures, and warding off assaults by means of the extra seriously armed English and Dutch invaders until eventually good into the 1600s. together with a close bibliography and thesaurus, A background of Portuguese in a foreign country growth 1400-1668 is a useful textbook for all these learning this attention-grabbing interval of ecu enlargement

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Ceuta had been successfully defended in 1419 and now one party, led by Henrique, began to demand further expansion in Morocco. Others reopened the debate about a possible attack on Granada with or without the help of Castile. However, a significant group, with whom the king was evidently in sympathy, opposed further military expeditions regarding them as expensive and profitless. Increasingly this faction looked to the Infante Pedro as its leader. During Dom João’s last years Henrique appears to have been much concerned with the Canary Islands.

During the fifteenth century Portugal’s most successful military operations were seaborne attacks on coastal towns in Morocco or on villages and settlements within striking distance of the sea. At first Portuguese attacks were not very sophisticated, with ships landing troops who then fought ashore in the conventional manner, but by the middle of the century Portuguese ships were not only carrying artillery but were using it to support landings and to attack targets on shore. For their longer voyages down the African coast and to the islands, the Portuguese developed the traditional Mediterranean caravel and incorporated one or more pieces of artillery which were used to overawe local populations or to defend the ship itself from attack.

Ceuta fell to the Portuguese on 21 August, exactly a month before Henry V of England, another grandson of John of Gaunt, embarked on his momentous invasion of Normandy. 57 Moreover the national consensus in favour of the Moroccan policy rapidly dissolved. The Moroccans gave a high priority to retaking Ceuta, with the result that for many years it was a beleaguered city supplied by sea and defended by soldiers sent from Portugal. In 1419 a second major expedition had to be sent under the command of the Infante Dom Henrique to fend off a determined Muslim assault and to hold onto the bridgehead that had been created.

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